Internal combustion engine – NEWAC http://newac.eu/ Tue, 27 Sep 2022 14:02:14 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://newac.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-46-120x120.png Internal combustion engine – NEWAC http://newac.eu/ 32 32 What is an internal combustion engine and how does it work? – Pilot Dixon https://newac.eu/what-is-an-internal-combustion-engine-and-how-does-it-work-pilot-dixon/ Fri, 16 Sep 2022 17:21:13 +0000 https://newac.eu/what-is-an-internal-combustion-engine-and-how-does-it-work-pilot-dixon/ Cars are a staple in society. They help us get to work, pick up the kids from school and go on vacation. But how do they work? Most people don’t know that, and that’s perfectly fine. In this blog post, we’ll look at the most common engine found in cars today: the internal combustion engine. […]]]>

Cars are a staple in society. They help us get to work, pick up the kids from school and go on vacation. But how do they work? Most people don’t know that, and that’s perfectly fine.

In this blog post, we’ll look at the most common engine found in cars today: the internal combustion engine. Let’s see what internal combustion engines are and how it works.

How an internal combustion engine works

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where combustion – the process of burning fuel – occurs in the engine. This process is contrasted with an external combustion engine (ECE), such as a steam locomotive, where the heat of combustion comes from an external source.

ICEs generally use fossil fuels such as gasoline or diesel, but can also be powered by other substances such as alcohol or peanut oil!

The process

ICEs convert the chemical energy of fuel into mechanical energy, which powers the wheels of the car. We can summarize the process with the following steps:

  1. Fuel is mixed with air and drawn into the cylinders by the pistons.
  2. The candle ignites the mixture and causes combustion.
  3. The expanding gases push against the piston, causing it to move.
  4. The crankshaft translates the movement of the pistons into rotational force.
  5. The rotational force propels the wheels of the car through the transmission.
  6. The exhaust gases pass through the exhaust system.

The beauty of ICEs

ICEs are relatively simple machines that have been around for over 100 years. However, they are still considered one of mankind’s greatest inventions.

Their simplicity means they are relatively easy and cheap to mass-produce, which has contributed to their widespread use in transportation. ICEs are also very versatile; they can power anything from lawn mowers to jet planes!

Internal combustion engines are fascinating machines that have helped shape our world today. Compared to turbine and piston aircraft engines, they are smaller, lighter and more fuel efficient. These advantages make them ideal for use in automobiles.

The next time you get in your car, take a moment to reflect on the complex process that takes place under the hood. You will be impressed by how these humble machines have shaped our world.

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Tata Motors is working on a hydrogen-based internal combustion engine https://newac.eu/tata-motors-is-working-on-a-hydrogen-based-internal-combustion-engine/ Mon, 05 Sep 2022 12:30:18 +0000 https://newac.eu/tata-motors-is-working-on-a-hydrogen-based-internal-combustion-engine/ Tata Motors is investigating options for using hydrogen in the conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) to manage exhaust emissions. Rajendra Petkar, president and chief technical officer of Tata Motors, at the unveiling of 14 new products today, said the company was looking at various options for mixing hydrogen with fossil fuels and using it in […]]]>

Tata Motors is investigating options for using hydrogen in the conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) to manage exhaust emissions. Rajendra Petkar, president and chief technical officer of Tata Motors, at the unveiling of 14 new products today, said the company was looking at various options for mixing hydrogen with fossil fuels and using it in ICE.

For some time, Tata Motors has been working on using hydrogen as a fuel in the ICE, which Petkar has called H2ICE. “The technology is currently in the development phase and will take some time; but it will surely be an important stepping stone to achieving net zero ambitions. said Petkar. The company’s roadmap is diesel, followed by CNG, bio-CNG, ethanol gasoline, LNG, electric battery and fuel cell. Talking about the possibilities of blending hydrogen with CNG, he said, although blending up to 18% is allowed, the challenge is the availability of hydrogen.

In addition, Tata Motors will also actively look into hydrogen fuel cells. Recalling the company showcasing fuel cell buses many years ago, he said it was working on the contract to meet the needs of some customers.

New products

As part of its initiative to address the growing need for safer transportation that supports the country’s infrastructure, improves energy efficiency, expands alternative fuel solutions and improves safety, the CV maker launched 14 products today. today.

Products launched include a range of India’s first CNG-powered Medium and Heavy Duty Utility Vehicle (M&HCV) trucks and a new series of advanced Light and Medium Duty Utility Vehicle (I&LCV) tippers and trucks. In addition, it introduced a new-era Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS), in addition to enriching its line of Prima, Signa and Ultra trucks with innovative features to improve driving comfort.

With the new product line, Tata Motors is redefining transportation through its innovative solutions and introducing new era technologies, powertrains and aggregates to deliver increased value to customers. Available in many fully constructed body options of tippers, dumpsters, tankers, bulk carriers and trailers, these M&HCV and I&LCV trucks meet a wide range of cargo movements and applications in various industries – agriculture, cement, iron and steel, container, carrier vehicle, petroleum, chemicals, tank trucks, LPG, FMCG, white goods, perishables, construction, mining and municipal applications.

Tata Motors Next Gen M&HCV and ILCV

According to Girish Wagh, Executive Director of Tata Motors, these products have been launched to meet changing multi-application needs, especially in the rapidly growing logistics and infrastructure sectors. He said the company is creating a new paradigm of functionality, productivity, connectivity, security and performance by continually introducing future-ready products, services and solutions.

ads

Tailored to unique Indian conditions, ADAS in new Tata Motors products offers collision mitigation system, lane departure warning, electronic stability control, driver alerts and tire pressure monitoring. tires.

The M&HCV and I&LCV truck range is equipped with Fleet Edge, the next-generation digital solution for optimal fleet management.

CNG powered MHCV

Following the success of its CNG portfolio of SCV, I&LCV and bus, Tata Motors has introduced the first CNG powered M&HCVs in India in the 28 and 19 ton nodes. The new Signa CNG trucks offer the optimal combination of low operating costs, high durability and multi-purpose applications, resulting in increased profitability. These environmentally friendly CNG models are also available with various wheelbase and cargo bed length options and hood options for cabin customization. These models are powered by the proven 5.7 liter SGI engine generating a maximum power of 180 hp and a torque of 650 Nm, feature a modular architecture and offer a range of up to 1,000 km.

Tata Motors trucks with ADAS have set a new trend in comfort, style, safety, ergonomics and ease of use. The Prima which was launched today has several passive safety features including Collision Mitigation System (CMS) and Lane Departure Warning System (LDWS) developed with extensive validation, especially for Indian operating conditions. The vehicle also offers additional safety features such as Driver Monitoring System (DMS), Electronic Stability Control (ESC) and Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS).

Tata Motors Next Gen M&HCV and ILCV

The new Prima range also features an ergonomically redesigned cabin offering improved operator comfort and convenience features for increased driver and vehicle safety. These improvements will significantly reduce the number of accidents, increase driving comfort and facilitate safer transportation of goods across the country.

I&VUL

The seven new FE Series fuel-efficient diesel and CNG trucks and dumpers offer better application-focused solutions with more vehicle weight and axle length options. Designed to increase their owners’ profit potential as well as improve handling and durability, these trucks incorporate key technological advancements including optimized transmissions, low-viscosity rear axle oil, e-viscous radiator fan , a shift adviser and a low rolling resistance tire.

Read also

Tata Motors mimics Wadi Tribal Development Fund Scheme in Jawhar

CV segment poised to reach new heights with new technologies: Vinod Aggarwal

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The beginning of the end of the internal combustion engine? California to phase out gas-powered vehicles by 2035 | Vide Rome LLP https://newac.eu/the-beginning-of-the-end-of-the-internal-combustion-engine-california-to-phase-out-gas-powered-vehicles-by-2035-vide-rome-llp/ Fri, 02 Sep 2022 15:46:53 +0000 https://newac.eu/the-beginning-of-the-end-of-the-internal-combustion-engine-california-to-phase-out-gas-powered-vehicles-by-2035-vide-rome-llp/ A leader in stringent automotive emissions regulations, the State of California has recently taken additional steps in its efforts to further protect the environment. On August 25, 2022, the California Air Resources Board (“CARB”) voted to require all new cars and light trucks sold in the state to be “zero emissions” by 2035.[1] The plan, […]]]>

A leader in stringent automotive emissions regulations, the State of California has recently taken additional steps in its efforts to further protect the environment. On August 25, 2022, the California Air Resources Board (“CARB”) voted to require all new cars and light trucks sold in the state to be “zero emissions” by 2035.[1] The plan, officially known as the CARB Advanced Clean Cars Rule II, was originally introduced by Executive Order by Governor Gavin Newsom nearly two years ago.[2]

The plan provides that “[i]It will be a state goal that 100% of in-state sales of new passenger cars and trucks be zero emissions by 2035. It will be another state goal that 100% of medium and heavy-duty vehicles in the state be zero emissions by 2045 for all operations where possible and by 2035 for drayage trucks. The state also aims to move to 100% zero-emission off-road vehicles and equipment by 2035, where possible.[3]

The phasing out of petrol and diesel vehicles will be phased in, with these traditional motor vehicles being phased out over time. The plan calls for 35% of new passenger vehicles sold to be zero emissions by 2026, 51% by 2028, 68% by 2030 and 100% by 2035.

CARB’s endorsement of the Advanced Clean Cars Rule II makes this 2035 goal official California state policy. Although the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has yet to grant the state a waiver to set its own auto emissions policies under federal clean air law, this will likely happen under the Biden administration.

Exhaust emissions are the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in California and accounted for 40% of the state’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2019 and nearly 50% today. According to air quality officials, this new mandate has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from cars by more than 50% by 2040.

California’s history of reducing automotive emissions and increasing fuel efficiency has led to some or all of its rules being adopted by 17 other states over the years, despite the fact that the standards California’s tailpipe emissions are stricter than federal rules. As such, it is likely that CARB’s Advanced Clean Cars II rule could eventually be adopted elsewhere. As it stands, Washington and Massachusetts have pledged to adopt similar policies, and other states may soon follow suit.[4]

In particular, CARB faces two daunting challenges in achieving its zero emissions goals: cost and charging infrastructure. With respect to infrastructure, the original executive order called for numerous state boards, commissions, and agencies to use their authority to “accelerate the deployment of affordable refueling and charging options for zero-emission vehicles, so as to serve all communities and especially low-consumption vehicles”. income and disadvantaged communities, in accordance with federal and state law. »[5] Additionally, the “Energy Commission, in consultation with the State Air Resources Board and the Public Utilities Commission, will update the statewide biennial assessment of required zero-emission vehicle infrastructure. by Assembly Bill 2127 (Chapter 365, Statutes of 2018) to support the levels of electric vehicle adoption required by this Order.[6]

Even assuming the many logistical hurdles of increasing charging infrastructure are overcome, the cost of the fuel-efficient vehicles themselves is an even bigger hurdle. The purchase of an electric vehicle (“EV”) has been and remains considerably higher than that of an equivalent gas-powered vehicle. Kelley Blue Book price estimates indicate that the average electric vehicle sold for $66,000 in July 2022, compared to $48,000 for the average internal combustion vehicle. Despite the difference in cost, electric vehicles have steadily gained market share in California over the years, growing from just 2% of new vehicle sales in 2002 to 7% in 2018, reaching around 16% of the vehicle market. new this year. According to CARB, there are now 1.13 million zero-emission vehicles registered in California, representing 43% of total electric vehicle registrations in the United States.

Both the federal government and California offer incentives to help lessen the “sticker shock” of zero-emission vehicles. The federal government just passed the Cutting Inflation Act, which includes tax credits worth between $3,500 and $7,500 for owners of electric vehicles, and California has its own plan. Clean Vehicle Rebate that provides $1,000 to $7,000 towards the purchase or lease of certain electric vehicles.

Is this really the beginning of the end of the internal combustion engine? Probably not. With apologies to Mark Twain, reports of the death of the internal combustion engine are greatly exaggerated. For starters, the mandate for zero-emission vehicles actually includes vehicles that are not 100% zero-emissions. California will allow up to 20% of an automaker’s sales to be plug-in hybrids, that’s to say, powered by both electric motors and gasoline engines, and still count as zero-emission vehicles, as long as the battery range is 80 km or more. Additionally, and perhaps a relief to classic car enthusiasts, motorsports fans and automotive enthusiasts, the new CARB mandate allows owners of internal combustion cars to continue driving them past 2035. It will remain also legal to buy and sell gasoline and diesel powered cars and light trucks.

It remains to be seen whether California’s ambitious goal of moving toward a zero-emission vehicle future will progress on schedule or require a change in federal regulations. Other considerations to watch include the differing positions taken by major automakers toward the mandate and the effects on the state’s oil industry.[7] Regardless of how the mandate progresses over time, California continues to push the envelope in its bid to reduce carbon emissions and fight climate change.


[1] This plan will phase out all gasoline and diesel cars, SUVs, minivans and pickup trucks in favor of cleaner versions powered by batteries or fuel cells.

[2] Executive Department State of California, Executive Order N-79-20 (September 23, 2020).

[3] ID. to 1.

[4] Washington’s timeline to phase out the sale of internal combustion engine vehicles is even more ambitious than California’s, with a plan to do so by 2030.

[5] Executive Decree N-79-20 at 4.

[6] ID. at 5.

[7] Currently, California is the seventh largest oil producing state.

]]>
The beginning of the end of the internal combustion engine? California to phase out gas-powered vehicles by 2035 https://newac.eu/the-beginning-of-the-end-of-the-internal-combustion-engine-california-to-phase-out-gas-powered-vehicles-by-2035/ Fri, 02 Sep 2022 05:47:54 +0000 https://newac.eu/the-beginning-of-the-end-of-the-internal-combustion-engine-california-to-phase-out-gas-powered-vehicles-by-2035/ A leader in stringent automotive emissions regulations, the State of California has recently taken additional steps in its efforts to further protect the environment. On August 25, 2022, the California Air Resources Board (“CARB”) voted to require all new cars and light trucks sold in the state to be “zero emissions” by 2035.[1] The plan, […]]]>

A leader in stringent automotive emissions regulations, the State of California has recently taken additional steps in its efforts to further protect the environment. On August 25, 2022, the California Air Resources Board (“CARB”) voted to require all new cars and light trucks sold in the state to be “zero emissions” by 2035.[1] The plan, officially known as the CARB Advanced Clean Cars Rule II, was originally introduced by Executive Order by Governor Gavin Newsom nearly two years ago.[2]

The plan provides that “[i]It will be a state goal that 100% of in-state sales of new passenger cars and trucks be zero emissions by 2035. It will be another state goal that 100% of medium and heavy-duty vehicles in the state be zero emissions by 2045 for all operations where possible and by 2035 for drayage trucks. The state also aims to move to 100% zero-emission off-road vehicles and equipment by 2035, where possible.[3]

The phasing out of petrol and diesel vehicles will be phased in, with these traditional motor vehicles being phased out over time. The plan calls for 35% of new passenger vehicles sold to be zero emissions by 2026, 51% by 2028, 68% by 2030 and 100% by 2035.

CARB’s endorsement of the Advanced Clean Cars Rule II makes this 2035 goal official California state policy. Although the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has yet to grant the state a waiver to set its own auto emissions policies under federal clean air law, this will likely happen under the Biden administration.

Exhaust emissions are the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in California and accounted for 40% of the state’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2019 and nearly 50% today. According to air quality officials, this new mandate has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from cars by more than 50% by 2040.

California’s history of reducing automotive emissions and increasing fuel efficiency has led to some or all of its rules being adopted by 17 other states over the years, despite the fact that the standards California’s tailpipe emissions are stricter than federal rules. As such, it is likely that CARB’s Advanced Clean Cars II rule could eventually be adopted elsewhere. As it stands, Washington and Massachusetts have pledged to adopt similar policies, and other states may soon follow suit.[4]

In particular, CARB faces two daunting challenges in achieving its zero emissions goals: cost and charging infrastructure. With respect to infrastructure, the original executive order called for numerous state boards, commissions, and agencies to use their authority to “accelerate the deployment of affordable refueling and charging options for zero-emission vehicles, so as to serve all communities and especially low-consumption vehicles”. income and disadvantaged communities, in accordance with federal and state law. »[5] Additionally, the “Energy Commission, in consultation with the State Air Resources Board and the Public Utilities Commission, will update the statewide biennial assessment of required zero-emission vehicle infrastructure. by Assembly Bill 2127 (Chapter 365, Statutes of 2018) to support the levels of electric vehicle adoption required by this Order.[6]

Even assuming the many logistical hurdles of increasing charging infrastructure are overcome, the cost of the fuel-efficient vehicles themselves is an even bigger hurdle. The purchase of an electric vehicle (“EV”) has been and remains considerably higher than that of an equivalent gas-powered vehicle. Kelley Blue Book price estimates indicate that the average electric vehicle sold for $66,000 in July 2022, compared to $48,000 for the average internal combustion vehicle. Despite the difference in cost, electric vehicles have steadily gained market share in California over the years, growing from just 2% of new vehicle sales in 2002 to 7% in 2018, reaching around 16% of the vehicle market. new this year. According to CARB, there are now 1.13 million zero-emission vehicles registered in California, representing 43% of total electric vehicle registrations in the United States.

Both the federal government and California offer incentives to help lessen the “sticker shock” of zero-emission vehicles. The federal government just passed the Cutting Inflation Act, which includes tax credits worth between $3,500 and $7,500 for owners of electric vehicles, and California has its own plan. Clean Vehicle Rebate that provides $1,000 to $7,000 towards the purchase or lease of certain electric vehicles.

Is this really the beginning of the end of the internal combustion engine? Probably not. With apologies to Mark Twain, reports of the death of the internal combustion engine are greatly exaggerated. For starters, the mandate for zero-emission vehicles actually includes vehicles that are not 100% zero-emissions. California will allow up to 20% of an automaker’s sales to be plug-in hybrids, that’s to say, powered by both electric motors and gasoline engines, and still count as zero-emission vehicles, as long as the battery range is 80 km or more. Additionally, and perhaps a relief to classic car enthusiasts, motorsports fans and automotive enthusiasts, the new CARB mandate allows owners of internal combustion cars to continue driving them past 2035. It will remain also legal to buy and sell gasoline and diesel powered cars and light trucks.

It remains to be seen whether California’s ambitious goal of moving toward a zero-emission vehicle future will progress on schedule or require a change in federal regulations. Other considerations to watch include the differing positions taken by major automakers toward the mandate and the effects on the state’s oil industry.[7] Regardless of how the mandate progresses over time, California continues to push the envelope in its bid to reduce carbon emissions and fight climate change.

]]>
Internal combustion engine market size will reach USD 78 https://newac.eu/internal-combustion-engine-market-size-will-reach-usd-78/ Tue, 30 Aug 2022 14:39:00 +0000 https://newac.eu/internal-combustion-engine-market-size-will-reach-usd-78/ The most recent study offered by Acumen Research and Consulting focuses on the Internal Combustion Engine market size, share, growth rate and trends, along with the parameters and factors influencing it in the long term. and in the short term. The report studies Internal Combustion Engine market trends to assess its current and future potential. […]]]>

The most recent study offered by Acumen Research and Consulting focuses on the Internal Combustion Engine market size, share, growth rate and trends, along with the parameters and factors influencing it in the long term. and in the short term. The report studies Internal Combustion Engine market trends to assess its current and future potential. Our analysis of the Internal Combustion Engine market also provides market players and new entrants with a comprehensive view of the market landscape. This report provides an analytical review of the major challenges which may emerge in the market with respect to revenue, sales, export or import of the Internal Combustion Engines Market.

Report Highlights

• The internal combustion engine market will reach a value of USD 78 billion by 2030 with a CAGR of over 3.60%.

• The Asia-Pacific region accounted for a large market share, while the North America region is expected to register a considerable CAGR

• Internal Combustion Engine market is driven by factors such as product/service innovation, mergers and acquisitions of key players and favorable regulatory support

• Qualitative insights on the Internal Combustion Engines market such as value chain analysis, Porter’s five forces analysis, regulatory compliance details, and manufacturing footprint analysis

• Overview of key players and strategies adopted in order to gain competitive advantage

The report is a valuable resource for investors, shareholders, industry planners, and established and existing Internal Combustion Engines market players looking to expand their reach in the current Internal Combustion Engines market landscape. The report carefully examines the analysis of the Global Internal Combustion Engines Market even though it targets the major companies and their corporate strategies, market presence, operating segments, aggressive panorama, geographical expansion and their price and value structures.

Download a sample copy of the report from here: https://www.acumenresearchandconsulting.com/request-sample/925

Our comprehensive analysis of the Internal Combustion Engine Market contains both qualitative and quantitative insights into the market making it an essential document to obtain. It empowers global clients to gain knowledge about the rapid growth of Internal Combustion Engine Market including all the ups and downs detailed in the report. Additionally, our analysts have included a chapter on the Covid-19 crisis, which had a significant impact on market growth. Additionally, we provide meta-analysis and systematic review of market data based on global manufacturers and regions in the report. Additionally, our analysts rank the hidden market opportunities with a global increase in CAGR for the Internal Combustion Engines market forecast to 2030.

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• Analyze numerous internal combustion engine market perspectives using Porter’s five forces analysis

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• To recognize the most recent developments, Internal Combustion Engines market shares and policies of major market players.

• In-depth assessment of the market strategies, geographical footprints, and business segments of the Internal Combustion Engine market of major market players

• Estimate key issues, product developments and solutions that will impact the threat of progress

Customization request: https://www.acumenresearchandconsulting.com/request-customization/925

Research Methodology

The internal combustion engine market outlook has been assessed using primary and secondary research techniques. This report is based on in-depth qualitative and quantitative analyzes that help us validate the exact value of the Internal Combustion Engines market. Qualitative analysis includes primary interviews, surveys and information sessions with suppliers. The report also offers the forecast size of the Internal Combustion Engine market from 2022 to 2030 which is identified through secondary research and their revenue has also been discussed in the following report. The data is then validated and verified by the primary sources.

This report contains concise and accurate data on the Internal Combustion Engines market size which is updated as global markets change. Markets have changed significantly over time, making it difficult to assess the extent and condition of the market. Accordingly, our analysts at Acumen Research and Consulting have assessed the current market situation and provided an in-depth report to help you understand the competition and value scope of the Internal Combustion Engine Market in a significantly way. efficient.

Internal Combustion Engines Market Regional Analysis and Country Level Analysis

The regional analysis of the Internal Combustion Engine Market is a very comprehensive part of the research presented in the report. This section sheds light on the sales growth of different regional and country-level Internal Combustion Engine market shares. It provides detailed and accurate information about the Internal Combustion Engine market growth rate, value/volume analysis and market size information by region of the global market.

Internal Combustion Engine Market Players Mentioned In This Report

The report details an overall study of the Internal Combustion Engine market companies and also sheds light on the annual revenue of these players, SWOT analysis, product/service specifications, market positioning, company shares , recent developments and business strategies. Additionally, the report details the mergers and acquisitions that are currently taking place in the Internal Combustion Engine market. The report illustrates a detailed account of the competitive landscape of the global market. These factors are essential for decision making and will therefore help the client to make an informed decision.

Internal Combustion Engine Market Players as Below:

The main companies are Toyota Motor Corporation, Volkswagen AG, Volvo AB, Rolls-Royce Holdings plc, Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, Renault SA, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, MAN SE, General Motors, Ford Motor, Fiat SpA, Caterpillar Incorporated, Shanghai Diesel Engine Company Limited, Bosch and AGCO Corporation.

The major market segments of the internal combustion engine market are:

Internal Combustion Engine Market by Fuel
• Oil
oDiesel
o Petrol
o Others
• Natural gas
o CNG
o LNG
o Others

Internal Combustion Engine Market by End User
• Car
• Aviation
• Sailor

Internal Combustion Engine Market by Geography

North America
• WE
• Canada

Europe
• UK
• Germany
• France
• Spain
• Rest of Europe

Latin America
• Mexico
• Brazil
• Rest of Latin America

Asia Pacific
• India
• Japan
• China
• Australia
• South Korea
• Rest of Asia-Pacific

Middle East and Africa (MEA)
• Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
• South Africa
• Rest of the Middle East and Africa

Report customization

The report can be well customized for all types of approaches to provide workflow flexibility without interfering with your preferred working approach. The client can contact our sales team who will ensure that the report meets your specifications and needs.

Some key questions answered by this report are

• What is the size of the Internal Combustion Engine market in 2021 and how much will it be worth by 2030?

• What is the current global market scenario for the Internal Combustion Engine market?

• What are the best business strategies to maximize growth potential?

• What are the recent trends in the internal combustion engine market?

• What is the market share in terms of revenue, sales and market size of Internal Combustion Engines in specific geographical regions?

• Who are the key industry players in the Internal Combustion Engine market?

• Which internal combustion engine market segment is in high demand?

Ask a question here: richard@acumenresearchandconsulting.com or sales@acumenresearchandconsulting.com

Contents:

CHAPTER 1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
CHAPTER 2. MARKET DYNAMICS AND COMPETITION ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 3. ANALYSIS OF MANUFACTURING PLANTS
CHAPTER 4. INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES MARKET BY FUEL
CHAPTER 5. INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE MARKET BY END-USER
CHAPTER 6. NORTH AMERICA INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE MARKET BY COUNTRY
CHAPTER 7. EUROPEAN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE MARKET BY COUNTRY
CHAPTER 8. ASIA-PACIFIC INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE MARKET BY COUNTRY
CHAPTER 9. LATIN AMERICA INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE MARKET BY COUNTRY
CHAPTER 10. MIDDLE EAST INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE MARKET BY COUNTRY
CHAPTER 11. AFRICA INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE MARKET BY COUNTRY
CHAPTER 12. COMPANY PROFILE
CHAPTER 13. RESEARCH APPROACH

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The beginning of the end of the internal combustion engine vehicle? https://newac.eu/the-beginning-of-the-end-of-the-internal-combustion-engine-vehicle/ Mon, 29 Aug 2022 18:00:00 +0000 https://newac.eu/the-beginning-of-the-end-of-the-internal-combustion-engine-vehicle/ “The new policy, detailed Wednesday morning at a press conference, is expected to greatly accelerate the global transition to electric vehicles,” reported Davenport Coral, Lisa Friedman and Brad Plume for The New York Times on August 24. “The rule lays out a year-by-year roadmap so that by 2035, 100% of new cars and light trucks […]]]>

“The new policy, detailed Wednesday morning at a press conference, is expected to greatly accelerate the global transition to electric vehicles,” reported Davenport Coral, Lisa Friedman and Brad Plume for The New York Times on August 24.

“The rule lays out a year-by-year roadmap so that by 2035, 100% of new cars and light trucks sold in California will be zero-emission vehicles, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles,” Aug. 25 states. Press release speak California Air Resources Council (CARB), regulators tasked with improving the the worst air quality in the country and enact regulations to meet the state’s rigorous greenhouse gas reduction standards.

The regulations achieve and codify the light-duty vehicle objectives set out in Governor Newsom’s Executive Order Executive Order N-79-20.

[Related post: Gone by 2035: Gas-Powered Car Sales Have an Expiration Date in California, September 24, 2020]

What happens in California doesn’t stay there

“Not only is California the largest auto market in the United States, but more than a dozen other states generally follow California’s lead when setting their own auto emissions standards,” Davenport adds, Friedman and Plumer.

Known as Section 177 states for that section of the U.S. Clean Air Act that deals with tailpipe emissions, all but two states can adopt California Zero Emission Vehicle Program. [See related tag.]

If those states follow through and most are expected to adopt similar rules, the restrictions would apply to about a third of the US auto market.

“It’s huge,” said Margo Oge, an electric vehicle expert who led the Environmental Protection Agency’s transportation emissions program under Presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama. As more states implement their own versions of these policies, “they will drive the market and drive innovation,” she said.

Upcoming Power Grid Challenge

Appearing on CNN Saturday morning, anchorage Amara Walker Oge asked:

“I’m sure you’re hearing… experts say that California’s infrastructure isn’t ready to handle an influx of electric cars, especially with a power grid already strained by record heat. What about are there significant investments in grid infrastructure, because you’re now going to have millions of battery electric vehicles or even fuel cells on the roads?”

Oge acknowledged the existing tension that has prompted Governor Newsom to consider extending the life of the state’s only remaining nuclear plant that was scheduled to close in 2025 and four older natural gas plants.

“What I hear from the experts is not so much the number of electric cars that will be charged daily, but rather the time of day that those charges will take place,” Oge replied.

“For example, I live in Los Angeles, and Southern California Edison gave me a good rate if I charged my car any time of the day except 4:00-9:00. So to me, it’s like the equivalent of spending $2 on gas…”

[Average price of gasoline in California on Aug. 28: $5.28 per gallon.]

What about the app?

What if auto consumers don’t cooperate? Friedman and Plumer of The Times wrote on August 26 that the plan sets “strict limits on what automakers can and cannot sell. Failure to meet these targets carries the threat of severe penalties.”

Targets, by CARB“The new regulations accelerate requirements for automakers to deliver an increasing number of zero-emission light-duty vehicles each year from model year 2026. Sales of new ZEVs and PHEVs will start at 35% that year, to reach 68% in 2030, and reach 100% in 2035.”

“If automakers fail to comply, they will be fined $20,000 for each new vehicle sold in violation of the targets,” Friedman and Plumer add.

Since that amount far exceeds the profit margin of the typical passenger vehicle, companies are unlikely to choose to pay the penalty, experts said.

“California is good at enforcing its rules,” said Dan Becker, Director of the Safe Climate Transport Campaign at the Center for Biological Diversity. “Companies, at their peril, violate these rules.”

Related:

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Will internal combustion engine cars become obsolete? https://newac.eu/will-internal-combustion-engine-cars-become-obsolete/ Mon, 29 Aug 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://newac.eu/will-internal-combustion-engine-cars-become-obsolete/ California regulators must put in place a plan to restrict and eventually ban the sale of gas-powered cars, which Governor Newsom says is the beginning of the end for the internal combustion engine. The new policy is expected to accelerate the global transition to electric vehicles because California is the largest auto market in the […]]]>

California regulators must put in place a plan to restrict and eventually ban the sale of gas-powered cars, which Governor Newsom says is the beginning of the end for the internal combustion engine. The new policy is expected to accelerate the global transition to electric vehicles because California is the largest auto market in the United States and because more than a dozen other states generally follow California’s lead in the setting their automotive emissions standards. If these states follow California’s lead, the restrictions would apply to approximately a third of the US auto market. The rule, issued by the California Air Resources Board, will require all new cars sold in the state by 2035 to be free of greenhouse gas emissions and set interim targets, requiring 35% of new vehicles passenger cars (cars, SUVs and small pickup trucks) sold by 2026 produce zero emissions, 51% by 2028and 68 percent by 2030. Quotas would also allow 20 percent zero-emission cars sold as plug-in hybrids. The rules would not affect used vehicles, allowing such vehicles to remain on the roads so far.

To enforce its rule, California would fine automakers up to $20,000 for each car that does not meet production targets. The state could also propose new amendments revising sales targets if the market does not respond as state leaders hope. The rules will also require automakers to meet durability and warranty requirements for battery life, range and powertrain components. For example, by 2035, new zero-emission vehicles sold will have to maintain 80% of their electric range for at least 10 years or 150,000 miles. According to state officials, about 16 percent of cars sold in California today are electric, up from 12.4% last year, which is higher than the national average of 6 percent. State regulators predict that by 2030 there will be 2.9 million fewer new gasoline vehicles sold, rising to 9.5 million fewer conventional vehicles by 2035. 183,000 of the estimated 2 million vehicles sold in California in 2035, they are expected to be plug-in hybrids.

With the new rules, the California Air Resources Board will implement Governor Gavin Newsom’s 2020 executive order requiring all vehicles sold in the state to be zero emissions by 2035. The Biden administration restored California’s ability to set its own vehicle emissions standards earlier this year, which the Trump administration reversed in 2019. President Trump had fought California’s authority under the Clean Air Act to set its own rules governing auto emissions, and a future president could also make same. Additionally, the attorneys general of 17 states filed a lawsuit challenging California’s ability to set its own emissions rules. California has the power to set its own rules regarding health-damaging pollutants, but uses carbon dioxide as a proxy indicator to justify the mandatory sale of electric vehicles.

While automakers want to see more electric vehicles on the road, they think California’s mandates would be “extremely difficult”. External factors such as inflation, charging and fuel infrastructure, supply chains, labor, availability and prices of critical minerals, and the continued shortage of semiconductors are all factors that would limit the achievement of these mandates. In addition, the prices listed for electric vehicles are much higher than for similar gasoline-powered cars, averaging 66,000 per vehicle. In addition, converting to electric vehicles could strain the power grids that President Biden wants to eliminate carbon by 2035, having to replace about 60% of current electricity generation from fossil fuels with renewables. . There is also the problem of toxic waste from the tens of millions of batteries that should be disposed of at the end of their useful life and the growing dependence of the United States on China for batteries and the essential minerals needed. to their manufacture.

The rule is expected to reduce California’s greenhouse gas emissions from passenger vehicles by more than 50% in 2040 from levels that would have been emitted without the policy, equivalent to 395 million tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions during that time, or the equivalent of 915 million barrels of oil over the next 18 years.

California will send its final rule to the Environmental Protection Agency to request the waiver. Given that the Biden administration has already indicated that it expects states to help meet Biden’s goal of a 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, it should grant the waiver. California must first get EPA approval for its own rules before other states can apply similar restrictions. A some states including New York, Washington and Massachusetts have similar legislation in the works.

President Biden signed an executive order last year calling on the government to try to ensure that half of all vehicles sold in the US will be electric by 2030, up from 5% today, but the ordinance has no binding legal force. Biden has also sought to enact federal policies that would increase the use of electric vehicles in the country. Recent climate/tax bill includes $7,500 in rebates for people buying new EVs, though there are major eligibility restrictions with automakers must assemble their vehicles in North America and source batteries from allies for full credit. In California, this provision would combine with $10 billion in a state program to make electric cars more affordable and to build charging stations and other electric vehicle infrastructure, especially in low-income communities.

The governments of Canada, Britain and nine other European countries, including France, Spain and Denmark, have set targets to phase out the sale of new gas-powered vehicles between 2030 and 2040, but none have introduces mandates or regulations such as the California rule. An Australian bank plans to stop making loans for new petrol and diesel cars as the country tries to catch up with other developed countries in encouraging the deployment of electric vehicles. New vehicle sales in Australia are just at 2 percent currently electric. Loans for new fossil fuel vehicles would be phased out from 2025. Although there will be no loans for new combustion engine vehicles, including hybrids, from 2025, Bank Australia will continue to provide loans for used ICE vehicles until there is a viable and thriving market. electric vehicle market. Since Bank Australia is a smaller bank that is not in Australia’s top 15 bankssome have suggested that their actions reflect a public relations campaign, rather than a trend.

According to the International Energy Agency, sales of electric vehicles totaled 6.6 million in 2021, with half of those in China. In fact, more electric vehicles were sold in China in 2021 (3.3 million) than worldwide in 2020. In the first quarter of 2022, sales of electric vehicles totaled 2 million—at 75 percent increase compared to the first three months of 2021.

Conclusion

California tells people what’s best for them, rather than letting them decide what type of vehicle they want to buy based on their wants and needs. Unfortunately, there are too many issues with going all-electric that could make this transition very ugly, ranging from the ever-increasing cost of electric vehicles to the availability of charging stations to the elimination of toxic substances from discharged batteries to dependence on China for critical minerals and batteries. Additionally, the U.S. electric grid will already be taxed for replacing coal and natural gas generation with renewables to meet Biden’s carbon-free electricity goal of having enough electricity at home to charge a electric vehicle is debatable. Charging 2 EVs overnight, which most EV owners would do, is equivalent to run 2 additional air conditioners or heaters overnight, or until 25 refrigerators per car. Thus, the transition is not without pain and is not free. Moreover, implementing the climate/fiscal bill that is supposed to reduce emissions by 40% will only reduce temperatures by a negligible amount. 0.0009°F to 0.028°F in 2100, according to UN warming models. That’s a huge amount of pain for an imperceptible potential gain.

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Recent Internal Combustion Engine Market Industry https://newac.eu/recent-internal-combustion-engine-market-industry/ Fri, 26 Aug 2022 12:09:25 +0000 https://newac.eu/recent-internal-combustion-engine-market-industry/ The global internal combustion engine market size is expected to be valued at USD 235.3 billion in 2022 and grow at a CAGR of 5.9% over the forecast period. Internal combustion engine, any device of a group of devices in which combustion reactants (oxidant and fuel) and combustion products serve as the working fluids of […]]]>

The global internal combustion engine market size is expected to be valued at USD 235.3 billion in 2022 and grow at a CAGR of 5.9% over the forecast period. Internal combustion engine, any device of a group of devices in which combustion reactants (oxidant and fuel) and combustion products serve as the working fluids of the engine. Such an engine draws its energy from the heat released during the combustion of the unreacted working fluids, the oxidizer-fuel mixture. This process occurs in the engine and is part of the thermodynamic cycle of the device. The useful work generated by an internal combustion (IC) engine results from the hot gaseous combustion products acting on the engine’s moving surfaces, such as the face of a piston, turbine blade, or nozzle.

See the detailed description of the report here – https://precisionbusinessinsights.com/market-reports/internal-combustion-engine-market/

Automotive accounted for a higher revenue share in the global internal combustion engine market:
Based on type of application, the global internal combustion engine market is segmented into automotive, aircraft, marine, others. The automobile is counted for higher income. Automotive industry means all businesses and activities involved in the manufacture of motor vehicles, including most components, such as engines and bodies, but excluding tires, batteries and fuel. The industry’s main products are passenger cars and light trucks, including pickup trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles. Utility vehicles, while important to industry, are secondary.

North America leads the global internal combustion engine market:
Based on regional analysis, the global internal combustion engine market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. The global internal combustion engine market in North America contributed the largest share in 2021. The development of the internal combustion engine helped free men from the hardest manual labor, made possible the aircraft and d other forms of transportation, and helped revolutionize electricity generation by stimulating the market spontaneously. In 2018, jet fuel consumption by the transport sector in the United States was some 2.95 quadrillion British thermal units.

Ask for a sample report at https://precisionbusinessinsights.com/request-sample?product_id=58173

Global internal combustion engine market segmentation based on product type, application and region:
By product type
• Oil
• Natural gas
• Others

By app
• Automotive
• Plane
• Sailor
• Others

Ask for the methodology at https://precisionbusinessinsights.com/request-methodology?product_id=58173

Profiles of key players in the global internal combustion engine market are: Toyota Motor Corporation, AGCO Corporation, Volkswagen AG, MAN SE, Ford Motor, Fiat SpA, General Motors, Volvo AB, Caterpillar Incorporated, Rolls-Royce Holdings plc, Shanghai Diesel Engine Company Limited,
Renault SA, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Bosch, Mahindra and Mahindra Limited.

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About Precision Business Insights:
We are a market research company that strives to provide the highest quality market research information. Our various market research experts are passionate about market research and hence produce high quality research reports. We have over 500 clients with whom we have a good business partnership and the ability to provide in-depth research analysis for over 30 countries. In addition to providing over 150 custom solutions, we already have accounts with the top five medical device manufacturers.

Precision Business Insights offers a variety of cost effective and customized research services to meet research requirements. We are a leading research service provider due to our extensive database built by our experts and the services we provide.

This press release was published on openPR.

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AC air regulators will phase out the internal combustion engine in the biofuels coup https://newac.eu/ac-air-regulators-will-phase-out-the-internal-combustion-engine-in-the-biofuels-coup/ Fri, 26 Aug 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://newac.eu/ac-air-regulators-will-phase-out-the-internal-combustion-engine-in-the-biofuels-coup/ “While we support the state’s goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, we strongly disagree that electric vehicles are the only way to get there. winners and losers of technology often backfire and rarely produce the desired results.We believe that technology – neutral and market-based approaches like the low-carbon fuel standard are far more efficient […]]]>

“While we support the state’s goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, we strongly disagree that electric vehicles are the only way to get there. winners and losers of technology often backfire and rarely produce the desired results.We believe that technology – neutral and market-based approaches like the low-carbon fuel standard are far more efficient and economical to achieve the desired carbon reductions.”

The FRG said ethanol has delivered nearly 27 million metric tons of greenhouse gas savings in the state’s LCFS, or about 35% of the total since the policy was put in place. .

“In addition, the average carbon intensity of ethanol used in California has declined significantly since 2011 as ethanol producers have adopted new technologies and CARB has improved its modeling,” Cooper said.

“U.S. ethanol producers have committed to net zero carbon emissions, on average, by 2050 or earlier and have identified several viable pathways to that goal. California to open up to all the possibilities that are available to us.”

The new rule requires automakers to deliver an increasing number of zero-emission light-duty vehicles each year from 2026, CARB said in a press release. Sales of zero-emission vehicles must reach 35% in 2026, increase to 68% in 2030 and reach 100% in 2035.

The council said the rule would reduce smog-causing pollution from light-duty vehicles by 25% by 2037.

“From 2026 to 2040, the regulations will result in avoided cumulative health impacts worth nearly $13 billion, including 1,290 fewer cardiopulmonary deaths, 460 fewer hospitalizations for cardiovascular or respiratory disease, and 650 emergency room visits. less for asthma,” CARB said.

As a result of the regulations, CARB estimates that there will be 2.9 million fewer new gasoline vehicles sold, rising to 9.5 million fewer conventional vehicles by 2035. “In 2040, emissions greenhouse gas emissions from cars, vans and SUVs are halved, and from 2026 to 2040, the regulations reduce global warming pollution from these vehicles by a cumulative total of 395 million metric tons” , CARB said in the statement.

In comments filed with CARB on the rule, the RFA said flex-fuel vehicles could play an important role in reducing carbon emissions in California.

“Higher blends of low-carbon ethanol in the current and future gasoline pool represent the closest and most affordable route to deeper and immediate reductions in light-duty fleet GHG emissions” , Cooper said in comments.

“FFVs running on 100% renewable low- or zero-carbon fuel equates to the GHG benefits of battery electric vehicles and lower cost to the vehicle, automakers have demonstrated the ability to build quantities massive amounts of FFV motors at negligible additional cost.”

Todd Neeley can be reached at todd.neeley@dtn.com

Follow him on Twitter @DTNeeley

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Navistar’s new internal combustion engine will be its last https://newac.eu/navistars-new-internal-combustion-engine-will-be-its-last/ Wed, 17 Aug 2022 01:12:04 +0000 https://newac.eu/navistars-new-internal-combustion-engine-will-be-its-last/ LAS VEGAS — Navistar Inc.’s S13 integrated powertrain for its on-road trucks is the manufacturer’s latest new internal combustion engine. It’s the strongest signal yet that mainstream truck manufacturers are embracing zero-emission electric trucks. Combined with aerodynamic styling, the new powertrain that will go into production in July 2023 offers up to 15% more energy […]]]>

LAS VEGAS — Navistar Inc.’s S13 integrated powertrain for its on-road trucks is the manufacturer’s latest new internal combustion engine. It’s the strongest signal yet that mainstream truck manufacturers are embracing zero-emission electric trucks.

Combined with aerodynamic styling, the new powertrain that will go into production in July 2023 offers up to 15% more energy efficiency than the current A26 engine and Eaton Cummins Endurant transmission from Navistar’s on-road flagship International LT. The new engine’s emissions profile is pending certification.

The S13 represents the North American result of five years of global collaboration between Navistar and parent company Traton Group. Traton developed the base engine at its Swedish subsidiary Scania two years ago.

“Scania has been a good teacher,” Navistar chief operating officer Michael Grahe said during a presentation of the new powertrain to dealers, customers and the media at Las Vegas International Speedway on Tuesday.


Watch now: Navistar’s revamped LT hits the Las Vegas runway


The S13 is built at Navistar’s engine plant in Huntsville, Alabama, where Navistar invested $190 million for the new engine and key components.

When mated to Navistar’s T14 transmission – the company’s first in-house developed transmission – the integrated powertrain takes a significant step towards Navistar’s goal of selling 50% zero-emission vehicles by 2030, increasing to 100% by 2040.

An electric future but a long way for diesel

“Obviously, with Navistar’s product lineup, mid-duty electric trucks will make up the bulk of the 2030 number,” Navistar CEO Mathias Carlbaum told FreightWaves on the sidelines of the launch event. “But we’ve said before that when the industry is ready for long-haul electric trucks, we’ll be there.”

During the reveal program, electric trucks were barely mentioned. However, Mark Hernandez, Navistar’s executive vice president of manufacturing, told FreightWaves that an RH International Class 8 battery-electric truck for regional haul will be built at Navistar’s new assembly plant in San Antonio.

Navistar is expected to officially introduce the battery-electric RH next year. He quietly showed off a prototype at the Advanced Clean Transportation Expo in May.

Despite supply chain disruptions, Navistar produced 50 medium-duty eMV trucks a day in late July in San Antonio, Hernandez said. The target was 52 trucks per day.

S13 could save $31,000 in fuel over 5 years

Presentations on the S13’s modular approach – which will replace Navistar’s A26 engine introduced in 2017 – explained how Traton and Navistar took a clean sheet approach in a powertrain alliance formed when Traton’s parent company, Volkswagen AG , acquired its initial stake in Navistar in September 2016.

Traton spun off from VW as a truck holding company in 2018. It paid $3.7 billion for the remainder of Navistar in July 2021.

Orders for the S13 open in October. The updated LT series can be specified with the 13-liter S13 engine mated to the T14 14-speed automated manual transmission with a more efficient two-stage aftertreatment system. Navistar will continue to offer a 15-liter Cummins X15 with Endurant transmission.

New Navistar LT dashboard buttons include parking maneuvers (turtles) and power modes. (Photo: Alan Adler/FreightWaves)

Compared to Navistar’s first-generation A26 engine specified with the Eaton-Cummins Endurant HD 12-speed overdrive automated transmission, the new S13 integrated powertrain, combined with the aero package, delivers up to 15% better fuel efficiency . It is 4% more efficient than the current A26 introduced in 2021.

The S13 weighs 30 to 52 pounds less than the A26 with the Endurant drivetrain. The S13 is the lightest 13-liter powertrain on the market, Grahe said. That could save a fleet $31,000 in fuel over five years based on diesel at $4 a gallon.

What’s new in the International LT?

The redesigned LT offers an improved aerodynamic package that includes:

  • Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) and fuel filler closures to allow air to flow smoothly over the chassis skirts.
  • Steering wheel closures and modified lower valance trim to improve underbody airflow by restricting it through the wheel opening.
  • A new roof extension that improves air circulation between the tractor and the trailer space.

The updated front design adopts a family look for the bumper and grille. It is consistent with recent updates to other International truck models.

Inside the sleeper cab, a 9-inch sleeper mattress and a flip-down sleeper help maximize cabin space for truckers on the road when not driving.

The 9-inch flip-up mattress frees up space in the LT sleeper cabin (Photo: Navistar)

Electronic parking brake technology automatically engages the vehicle and trailer parking brakes if the driver forgets to apply them. A steering wheel airbag is optional.

Modular approach

The modular system design of the S13 allows for varied offerings across Traton’s brands. This speeds time to market and reduces production costs. Cross-brand development gave the North American market the first example of regional adaptation and validation. The engine is mounted practically in the same way in the conventional LT body as in the Scania cabover.

Work on the engine continued 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, around the world, at Traton’s operations in Europe, Brazil and North America.

It wasn’t always easy to deal with cultural differences before Navistar became part of the Traton family, Grahe said. He worked on the engine program from the start when he was an executive at Traton. Navistar’s lower level of investment – ​​Scania spent $400 million – was a factor. Hernandez dealt with adding shifts in Huntsville.

Neither Traton nor Navistar announced any specific total investment in the S13 project.

Navistar offers owners an S13 package that includes dealer-integrated software, integrated service products, and maintenance and repair contracts.

Editor’s note: Corrects spelling of Mark Hernandez and that Grahe was a Traton executive, not Scania. Adds that neither Traton nor Navistar disclosed a total investment in the engine program.

Navistar prepares integrated powertrain from collaboration with Traton Group

What has changed at Navistar a year after Traton’s $3.7 billion buyout?

Traton fears the commercial impact of the war in Ukraine

Click for more FreightWaves articles by Alan Adler.

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