2022 Honda City Hybrid: engine, gearbox, specs, hybrid details

The Honda City e:HEV, due to launch soon, will compete with mid-size sedans like the Skoda Slavia and Maruti Suzuki Ciaz.

The Honda City e:HEV is the first powerful hybrid in its class, a car so well equipped with cutting-edge systems that it has technology falling out of its ears. Comprised of a full hybrid system that uses two large electric motors and a chunky battery in the trunk, it has the potential to match even the most efficient compact sedans. So here are five things you need to know about this tech pioneer, a car many will admire.

Probably one of the most efficient cars in India

Honda’s powerful hybrid system uses two powerful electric motors mated to a 1.5-liter Atkinson-cycle 4-cylinder engine. One of the motors works primarily as an electric generator, while the other does the job of a propulsion motor. The car is programmed to keep the engine running at peak efficiency, somewhere around 2000 rpm. This is important because by the time the engine reaches 4,000 rpm, it can consume twice as much fuel.

Expect an ARAI figure in India of at least 25-26kpl, easily making it the most efficient car of its size. And don’t be surprised if it proves more efficient in the real world than even some of the most efficient hatchbacks, especially in slow-moving traffic, where it functions like an electric vehicle.

Has no gearbox

To increase efficiency, Honda dropped the transmission altogether. It has no CVT, no planetary gear and no cogwheel set either; it has only one direct gear for high-speed driving. In place of the gearbox there are two electric motors which are sandwiched and attached to the motor end. The motor/generator combo then produces electricity when the motor spins it, then stores it in the battery in the back.

The wheels are not connected to the motor, for the most part

When the engine is running, it powers the generator which produces electricity and sends electricity back to the battery in the trunk. So how does the engine send or transmit power to the wheels? Well, for the most part, that’s not the case. The power is transmitted to the wheels via the electric motor. Indeed, the engine often runs at one speed and the wheels at another.

To turn the wheels, power is sent to the electric motor from the battery at the rear. As a result, 95% of the energy saved in the form of electricity reaches the wheels. In contrast, even the most efficient gasoline engines only achieve 40 or 45 percent efficiency. Only at speeds above 120 km/h is the motor even connected to the front wheels.

The electrical system produces 109HP

The powertrain is completely different from what you would normally expect from a hybrid. Comprised of a 1.5-litre petrol that produces just 98bhp and runs a more efficient ‘Atkinson cycle’, the engine is aided by an electric motor that produces a very strong 109bhp. It’s clearly not a mild hybrid. The maximum combined power of the motor and electric motor is not disclosed, but Honda specifies maximum combined torque at 253 Nm; the motor making 127Nm and the electric motor 253Nm.

It will come with ADAS systems

Apart from cruise control, which helps you maintain a constant speed on a highway, this car also has other ADAS features. Honda is calling this suite of features Honda Sensing, and it will be available on the car in India. It will offer features like lane keeping assist which will help keep the car centered in the lane and will also warn you in case you have your hands on the wheel for more than a few seconds, adaptive cruise control which will adjust your speed to maintain a set distance from the vehicle ahead and autonomous emergency braking.

Also see:

2020 Honda City review, test drive

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